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Pug - German Shepherd

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General Appearance

The German Shepherd Dog is a dog of medium size, slightly elongated body, strong and well muscled, with dry bone and firm overall structure.

Important measurements and proportions

The height of the cross

  • Males: 60-65 cm.

  • Bitches: 55-65 cm.

Body length measurement exceeds the height at the withers by about 10 17%.

Weight

  • Dogs: 30-40 kg.

  • Female: 22-32 kg.

Temperament / Behavior

The German Shepherd Dog is even-tempered, with steady nerves, confident, totally uninhibited and (except when provoked) completely benign, at the same time must be attentive and easy to train. You must have courage, fighting instinct and toughness in order to be suitable as companion, watchdog, protection dog, service and pastor.

Head

Is wedge-shaped, and is in proportion to body length (its length is about 40% of the height at withers) without being coarse or elongated. In general appearance should be dry and moderately broad between the ears. View from the front and side, the forehead is slightly arched and with no or little marked median furrow. 
The ratio between the cranial and facial region should be 50% to 50%. The width of the cranial region is almost equal to its length. 
Overhead view, the cranial region decreases evenly from the ears to the nose, leaving a depression not very noticeable fronto nasal and leaning on the muzzle is wedge-shaped. The upper and lower jaws are strongly developed. The nose is straight, any lump or sag is indesable. The lips, dark in color, are firm and fit closely.

  • Nose: Must be black.

  • Teeth: Strong, healthy and complete (42 teeth corresponding to the teeth formula). The German Shepherd Dog has a scissor bite, so the upper teeth cover the lower teeth close contact. A level bite, upper or lower prognathism and large spaces between the teeth (gaps) are faults. Equally flawed is the straight alignment of all incisors.Maxillary and mandibular bones must be strongly developed so that the teeth are deeply embedded in the dental arch.

  • Eyes: Of medium size, almond shaped, obliquely set and never sobresalientres. Its color should be as dark as possible. Penetrating light eyes are undesirable because they affect the expression of the dog.

  • Ears: The German Shepherd Dog is medium sized ears, erect, open forward and carried evenly (or flipped or carried sideways). They are sharp with canopy facing the front. At the tip bent ears are defective or falls. Ears laid back, in motion or at rest, do not take the foul.

Neck

The neck should be strong, well muscled and without dewlap. Their angle with the body (horizontally) is approximately 45 °.

Body

The topline runs without interruption since the implementation of the neck over the well defined withers and over the back very slightly sloping to the croup, also slightly tilted.The back is firm, strong and well muscled. The loin is broad, strongly developed and well muscled. 
The rump should be long, sloping slightly (approximately 23 ° from the horizontal) and continue towards the line of the queue without interrupting the top line.

  • Chest: Moderately broad with the sternum as long as possible and well known. The depth of the chest should be 45 48% of the height at the withers. The ribs should be moderately rounded. The barrel-shaped chest or be considered a fault plane.

Tail

Reaching at least to hock, but never more than half the metatarsus. It has the longest hair in the bottom. At rest, the pendant has a slight curve. When the dog is in motion or at attention, the tail is carried higher, but not above the horizontal line. Corrective operations are prohibited.

Tips

Forelegs

Seen from all sides, the forelegs are straight, viewed from the front, absolutely parallel. The shoulder blade and arm are of the same length, firmly attached to the body by a well muscled. The perfect angulation between shoulder blade and arm is 90 °, but generally 110 °. The elbows must be returned or in nor out, with the dog at rest or in motion.The forearm, seen from either side, are straight and parallel, well muscled and dry. The metacarpal has a length of approximately 1/3 of the forearm and form an angle therewith of approximately 20 22 °. A metacarpal too steep (more than 22 °) or too straight (less than 20 °) impairs the ability of the working dog, especially strength.

  • Front feet: Rounded, compact, with arched toes. The pads should be firm, but not brittle. The nails are strong and dark.

Hindquarters

The position of the hind limbs, viewed from behind parallel to each other, should be slightly tucked. 
Thigh and leg are almost the same length and form an angle of approximately 120 °. The thighs are strong and well muscled. The hocks are strong and firm, the metatarsus is perpendicular below the hock.

  • Feet: Compact, slightly arched dark pads hard, nails strong, arched and also dark.

Movement

The German Shepherd Dog is a trotter. Angulation and limb length must be so related that no marked change in the top line, the dog can push the rear end beneath the entire length of the body and reach the same distance above. Any tendency to over-angulation of the hind limbs firmness and resistance decreases, and consequently the ability of the dog to its usefulness. Correct body proportions and angulations result in a long-range riding flat on the ground which gives the impression of a locomotion performed effortlessly. Head thrust forward and tail slightly raised results in a quiet and smooth trot showing a smooth, unbroken curved line running from the tips of the ears over the neck and back, to the tip of the tail.

Skin

Must be comfortably adjusted, without folds.

Fur

Hair Features

The correct coat German Shepherd Dog is a double coat (Stockhaar) with undercoat. The outer coat should be as dense as possible, straight, harsh and lying close to the body. The head and even the inside of the ears, previous parts of the limbs, feet and toes are provided with short hairs, in the neck, the hair is slightly longer and heavier. 
In the back of the legs, the hair is longer up to the carpal and tarsal joints. The coat shape "trousers" moderate back of the thighs.

Color

Black with reddish brown markings, brown, yellow and even gray, totally black or gray gray dogs are black tinged with mantle and black mask. Are tolerated but not desirable discrete white spots on the chest as well as very light color on the inner parts. In all types of color, the nose should be black. Dogs without a mask, light eyes to piercing, clear or whitish spots on the chest and internal parts, as well as nails clear and white red tip of tail are considered to lack of pigmentation. The undercoat has a light gray tone. The color white is not permitted.

Fouls

Cuaquier departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness of it is considered in proportion to the degree of deviation from the standard.

Misdemeanors

  • Any deviation from the standard of perfection racial described above affects the ability to use the dog.

  • Leathers: Set too low and sideways, ears folded, flipped and taken to the sides, erect not firm.

  • Fouls important pigmentation.

  • Firmness generally very low.

  • Dental Faults: Any deviation from a scissor bite and teeth formula, if not included in eliminating faults listed below.

Eliminating faults

  • Aggressive or overly shy.

  • Weak character, biting dogs and weak nerves.

  • Dogs with a grade of "severe dysplasia".

  • Monorquideos and cryptorchid like dogs also so clearly uneven or atrophied testicles.

  • Dogs with disfiguring defects ears or tail.

  • Dogs with malformations.

  • Dogs with missing teeth: 1 premolar 3 and 1 additional tooth, or 1 canine, or 1 premolar 4, or 1 molar 1, respectively molar 2, or a total of 3 or more missing teeth.

  • Dogs with faulty jaws: More than 2 mm overshot mouth, undershot, level bite in the entire incisor area.

  • Albinism. White hair (even with dark eyes and nails).

  • Double and long hair (long outer coat, soft, not attached to the body with undercoat, feathering on the ears and limbs, "trousers" dense and bushy tail with fringe).

  • Long hair (long and smooth outer layer without undercoat, usually breaking into a line on the back line, tufts or fringes on the ears, legs and tail).

  • Any dog ​​clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.